Dr.A.S.Kalra (Ajit Singh Kalra, Son of Sardar Narinder Singh Kalra & Mrs Swarn Kalra) is one of the best astrologers in India who was born in Rajouri Garden, New Delhi but was brought up in Haridwar, an ancient and holy city of historical importance situated near Himalayas on the banks of the holy river Ganges, which is also quite close to the 'World Capital of Yoga', Rishikesh, India. Basically he is a resident of Shivalik Nagar, Haridwar who has relocated to Vaishali, Delhi NCR on 29th of April 2011 on the request of many of his clients of New Delhi & NCR (Noida, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Faridabad) that he developed in past many years. Prior to shifting to Delhi NCR he has worked successfully for many years as a Vedic Astrologer (Horoscope Reader) and as a Trainer of Astrology (Horoscope Reading) in Haridwar as well as in Rishikesh on a full time basis. He has dealt with many foreigner clients as well as many foreigner students in his career as an astrologer. His expertise lies in Predictive Astrology (or Phalit Jyotish) using the principles or concepts given by Sage Parashara in his book Laghu Parashari (comprising of of 42 Shlokas), while doing horoscope reading or horoscope analysis for providing astrological consultation to a client on various issues of life like: - education, career (job or business), professional growth, love life, marriage, married life, childbirth, financial condition, property, material assets, foreign tour and health issues and to estimate about the past tense, present tense and future tense of his/her life using the concept of Vinshottari Mahadasha-Antardasha given by Sage Parashara.
He is one of the rare new age unconventional vedic astrologers in India who is well educated, highly qualified, tech savvy, widely travelled, straightforward with a logical bent of mind and who is one of the fastest emerging global brands in the field of Indian Horoscope Astrology. Before taking Astrology as a full time profession he tested it thoroughly while conducting a research work on many hundreds of horoscopes and found some strength in it and then made up his mind to take it as a full time profession.
He holds an MD
in Alternative Medicines but many people don't know that he also holds a Master's in Information Technology and is an expert in SEO (Search Engine Optimization) due to which this one of the top or best Astrology website of India is enjoying a strong online presence on the web. If his name was not recommended to you by some of your family member or relative or friend or colleague or neighbor then chances are very high that you are visiting this famous Astrology website of India and reading this web page today due to his excellent SEO skills.
He is very good at software programming and has even developed his
software ASTROSOFT for making Astronomical as well as Astrological calculations for the
development of which
he's been awarded first prize by the
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY - Roorkee (IIT-Roorkee) in 46th 'All India Techno Exhibition'
(4-6 March, 2005) held in and organized by IIT-Roorkee, under 'Utility Software Category' of 'Software Programming Section'. IIT-Roorkee gave this software another name: - ASTROCHART. Dr.Kalra's 'Vedic Astrology Institute' was termed as 'Centre for Vedic Astrology and Alternative Medicines (CVAAM)' at that time. Professor at IIT-Roorkee, Dr. Satya Prakash was the
Chief Advisor of the council which conducted this event, Mr. Manoj Misra was Staff Advisor & Mr. Ashvani Kumar was Council Secretary. The then director of 'Central Building Research Institute - Roorkee', Sh.V.K.Mathur was the chief guest of the function who awarded prizes to the participants. This can be verified from IIT-Roorkee. Official website of IIT-Roorkee is www.iitr.ac.in
IIT-Roorkee is 165 years old premier engineering and technological institution of not only India but of the world which was established in year 1847 as the first engineering college in India in British empire. Its establishment was first contemplated by Colonel Colvin of the Bengal Engineers and was suggested to the Honourable James Thomason by Colonel Cautley of the Royal Artillery. It was renamed in year 1854 as Thomason College of Civil Engineering and acquired university status in year 1948. In November 1949 the first prime minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru presented the Charter to elevate it as the first Engineering University of Independent India. On 21st September 2001, the University was declared an institute of national importance, by passing a bill in the parliament, changing its status from University of Roorkee to INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Roorkee. Since its establishment, the University of Roorkee has played a vital role in providing the technical manpower and know-how to the world and in pursuit of research. Roorkee is a small town in Uttarakhand state of India.
The Astrology software by Dr.A.S.Kalra Astrologer has been developed in 'C' language and is an MS-DOS based program. It is different from the other softwares on Astrology available in the market. It's power lies in doing in-depth technical analysis of a horoscope which makes it quite useful for any predictive Astrologer. This software can find out which planets are 'Aast' (Combust), which planets are 'Uchcha' (Exalted), which planets are 'Neech' (Debilitated), which planets are 'Svarashi' (present in their own signs), which planets are 'Dikbali' (hold extra power due to their
presence in some particular direction) , which planets are 'Nishphali' (lost some of their power due their presence in specific houses), which pair of planets have exchanged zodiacs & which planets are 'Sandhigat' (present on the boundary of two zodiac signs) besides giving other information that other softwares give & besides displaying Birthchart, Moonchart, other charts & 'Vinshottari Mahadasha-Antardasha' of 'Grihas'. According to Dr.A.S.Kalra any astrology software can make accurate calculations but it can't analyze horoscope of a person from every angle and it can't make predictions about any person, which only some learned astrologer or horoscope reader can do after using his knowledge, experience, intelligence and intuition.
The Astrology software was developed by Dr.A.S.Kalra in year 2003 for which he had to work hard for about more than 3 months! The main book which was used to program this Astrology software was Panchang Ganitam edited and explained by Late Pandit Kalyan Datt Sharma who was associated with
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in Qutab Institutional Area, Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi. Panchang Ganitam has been derived from Vaijyanti Naam Panchang Ganit written by Mr Vyankatesh Ketkar in Marathi language and translated in Hindi language by Dr Devi Prasad Tripathi who is also associated with Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi. It is published by Sri Ved Mata Gayatri Trust (Shantikunj Ashram) Haridwar. Official website of Shantikunj Ashram, Haridwar or All World Gayatri Pariwar is www.awgp.org. Official website of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth is www.slbsrsv.ac.in.
It was not that easy for Dr.Kalra to decipher Panchang Ganitam as it is written in pure Hindi with many Sanskrit words embedded into it which made it very cryptic on an overall basis. But Dr. Kalra did not lose heart and tried again and again many times to decipher it and finally he became successful. He even found a mistake in the first edition of the book which was published in year 2002. There was an equation missing in the book for which he contacted Shantikunj Ashram, Haridwar and it was a matter of coincidence that Pandit Kalyan Datt Sharma was staying over there at that time! Dr.Kalra went to Shantikunj Ashram without any delay and met Pandit Kalyan Datt Sharma personally on 3rd of July 2003, at Shantikunj Ashram, Haridwar and made him aware of the mistake. Pandit ji referred to Hindi translation of Vaijyanti Naam Panchang Ganit and gave him that equation immediately and also promised to get that equation published in next edition of the book. Pandit ji left for his heavenly abode on 5th of October 2009 in Jaipur, Rajasthan in the age of 90.
President Award winner Late Pandit Kalyan Dutt Sharma had to his credit building five stone observatories at different places including: - (1) A Stone Obervatory in Jaipur, (2) in Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi (3) in Dr Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi, (4) in Shanti Kunj Ashram, Haridwar and (5) one along bank of the Yamuna river in Mathura. Pandit Sharma also served as a teacher in Maharaja Sanskrit College in Jaipur. Mr Sharma worked for several years as Incharge of the Jantar Mantar Stone Observatory constructed by founder of Jaipur Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh in the City Palace area in Jaipur.
But in spite of all this, like many other students of Computer Science and Engineering Dr.A.S.Kalra still finds himself a bit weak in implementing Data Structures in 'C' language and managed to pass his practical examination of Data Structures implementation in 'C' like many of his batch mates managed to did it but during viva voce he honestly accepted it in front of the examiner how he did it. Examiner liked his honesty and in spite of all that gave him good marks because perhaps Dr.Kalra knew the logic behind it.
Books studied by Dr.A.S.Kalra (Vedic Astrologer in India) to develop this Astrology Software are: -
|Panchang Ganitam||Hindi||Late Pandit Kalyan Dutt Sharma||Shri Ved Mata Gayatri Trust|
Shantikunj, Haridwar, Uttarakhand
|Khagol Aivam Ganit Jyotish||Hindi||Deepak Kapoor||Vineeta Kapoor|
D 2/4, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057
|Jyotish Sangriha||Hindi||Umesh Puri 'Gyaneshwar'||Randhir Prakashan|
Haridwar - 249 401
|Janmapatri Svayam Banaiye||Hindi||Harbhajan Singh Mann||Amit Pocket Books|
near Chowk Adda Tanda
Jalandhar - 144 008, Punjab
|Working with C|
(for programming of Astrology Software)
|English||Yashwant Prabhakar Kanetkar||BPB Publications|
B-14, Connaught Place
New Delhi - 110 001
|Graphics under C|
(for programming of Astrology Software)
|English||Yashwant Prabhakar Kanetkar||BPB Publications|
B-14, Connaught Place
New Delhi - 110 001
As Dr AS Kalra (famous Indian Horoscope Reader of India) had his entire education throughout in English medium so he has a good understanding of English language & is quite good at reading, writing & speaking English language, so he observes no problem in dealing with international clients. He frequently visits one of the world's top destination spa ANANDA SPA RESORT (ANANDA IN THE HIMALAYAS) above Rishikesh in (Narendranagar, Garhwal) to provide Astrological Consultation (Horoscope Reading) to its various visitors staying over there. ANANDA SPA RESORT has been frequented by many famous guests some of which include Oprah Winfrey, Jerry Hall, Bill Gates and Melinda Gates, Kate Winslet, Frederick Forsyth, Deepak Chopra, Uma Thurman, Jeremy Piven, Aamir Khan and Vir Sanghvi. ANANDA SPA RESORT has been rated many times as one of the top destination spa in the world by many travel magazines like Travel + Leisure Magazine, Conde' Nast Traveller, Spa Finder, Tatler Magazine, Asia Spa, Resorts Web Magazine, Baccarat AsiaSpa Awards (BASA), Harpers n Queen & Harpers Abroad as well as by leading newspapers like 'The New York Times' of USA and 'The Daily Telegraph' of UK.
ANANDA IN THE HIMALAYAS was established in year 2000 & is India'a first destination spa. It focuses on Yoga and Ayurvedic practices combined with international spa therapies. The property includes the royal palace of Narendra Nagar of the Maharaja of Tehri Garhwal (an Indian princely state) and the restored Viceregal Palace which was added to the palace in years 1910-1911. ANANDA is owned and managed by IHHR Hospitality Private Limited (www.ihhrhospitality.com).
The Chairman of IHHR, Mr. G.K. Khanna is a visionary with over 5 decades of experience in the hotel industry. The M.D. of the company Mr. Ashok Khanna (son of the Chairman Mr. G.K. Khanna) is a graduate from the 'Cornell School of Hotel Administration', Ithaca, New York, USA with over three decades of experience in hospitality. Official website of ANANDA is www.AnandaSpa.Com.
Dr.A.S.Kalra (one of the best astrologer in India) is also a member of Mavelil Homoeo Mission, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
He has also worked as a columnist for a supplement DOON PLUS of the leading Indian English daily
THE TIMES OF INDIA (owned and published by the media group Bennett Coleman & Company Limited), which was circulated bi-weekly in Dehradun city. Through this column which was based upon providing astrological consultation & was entitled STARSPEAK,
he used to answer queries of various readers regarding various issues of life through Astrological
by analysing their horoscopes. Readers were asked to send their birth details as well as queries
via e-mail & answers comprising astrological predictions to their queries by Dr. Kalra were published in DOON PLUS. THE TIMES OF INDIA was paying some amount on per column basis to Dr.A.S.Kalra for working for this column.
This can be verified from THE TIMES OF INDIA.
Contact details of THE TIMES OF INDIA are: -
Mr. Sharat Sharma (Editor)|
THE TIMES OF INDIA
1st Floor, 7, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg
New Delhi - 110 002
Phone: - +91 11 2349 2224
Ms. Nilakshi Bhattacharyya|
THE TIMES OF INDIA (Response Editorial)
1st Floor, 7, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg
New Delhi - 110 002
Phone: - +91 11 2330 2620
Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd.|
Finance Dept., THE TIMES OF INDIA
10, Darya Ganj, New Delhi - 110 002
Phone: - +91 11 3984 3333
Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd.|
THE TIMES OF INDIA building
Dr. D.N. Road, Mumbai - 400 001
A supplement Dehradun Live of the leading Indian English daily HINDUSTAN TIMES contacted Dr.A.S.Kalra (one of the famous astrologer in India) on May 15, 2009 to ask him to predict about the results of Lok Sabha polls being held at that time in the Republic of India. However Dr.Kalra refused to comment anything by saying that Vedic Astrology is not that capable to predict about the results of elections as there are many people involved in a particular party and fate of all of them will decide the outcome and its practically not possible to analyze the horoscopes of all members of a particular party. This can be verified from HINDUSTAN TIMES. Contact details of HINDUSTAN TIMES (Dehradun) are: -
70/4A, Rajpur Road
Dehradun - 248001
Phone: - 0135-2743274, 2743275
Dr.A.S.Kalra (one of the best Indian Astrologer) is also writing a full page column ASTRO CORNER for a medical magazine entitled SAVES HEART which is being printed by SCIENTIFIC PRESS, Pune and which is being published by ARAMUC INDIA LIMITED, Mumbai for its client INTAS PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. This magazine is distributed among Registered Medical Practitioners. Dr.A.S.Kalra is being paid some amount on per column basis by the ARAMUC INDIA LIMITED, Mumbai for working for this column.
Contact details of these organizations are: -
5-6, 3rd floor, Oxford Elegance, Kedari Nagar, Wanwadi, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
Tel: +91 20 4009 2875/76
Fax: +91 20 4009 2876
ARAMUC INDIA LIMITED|
102-106, Sai Chambers, Opposite Railway Station, Santacruz (East), Mumbai - 400 055, Maharashtra
Tel: +91 22 67341500-529
Fax: +91 22 6678 0878
INTAS PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED|
Chinubhai Center, off Nehru Bridge, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad - 380 009, Gujrat
Tel: +91 79 2657 6655
Fax: +91 79 2657 8862
Dr. A.S. Kalra has also contributed
on Astrology in leading Hindi daily of north India AMAR UJALA (Haridwar Edition). You can verify it from the bureau chief of AMAR UJALA (Haridwar): -
Mr. Kaushal Sikhola (Bureau Chief)
122, Bholagiri Road
(Geeta Bhavan Wali Gali)
Haridwar - 249 401
Phone: +91 1334 229620
Dr. A.S.Kalra is also a Trainer of Astrology (or Teacher of Astrology or Tutor of Astrology in India) & not only practices but also teaches Indian Vedic Astrology & Palmistry or Palm Lines Analysis. Till date he has provided training in Astrology to many people from outside India along with Indians.
Some of the students from outside India who've done Vedic Astrology Course in India from Dr.A.S.Kalra: -
|S.No.||Student||Country||Address||Place of learning Astrology in India
|1||Ms Sharita Singh Madhav||South Africa||Sandton. Johannesburg, South Africa||Lord Curzon Club Lounge, 9th floor, Hotel THE ROYAL PLAZA, Ashoka Road, New Delhi, India
|2||Dr Aliya Aftab||Pakistan||Main Gulberg Road, near SherPao Bridge, Lahore, Pakistan||Vaishali, Delhi NCR, India
|3||Walter Baroffio||Switzerland||La-Chaux-de-faunds, 2300 Switzerland, Swiss Federation||Vedic Astrolgy Centre, Shivalik Nagar, Haridwar, India|
Lakshman Jhula, Rishikesh, India
|4||Alexandra Babrovik||Estonia||Tallinn, Estonia - 13816 (Europe)||Parmarth Niketan Ashram, Rishikesh, India
|5||Steven Padayachee||South Africa||Pinetown, Durban, Kwa - Zulu Natal, South Africa - 4000||Hotel Broadway, Asaf Ali Road, Delhi, India
|6||Tran Hai Duong||Vietnam||Trong Tan, Dinh Cong, Hoang Mai, Ha Noi, Vietnam||Vaishali, Delhi-NCR, India
His predictions are based on the latest research
he has made in the fields of Vedic Astrology and Palm Analysis.
He adopts a Scientific Approach towards Indian Vedic Astrology and doesn't aims to promote
in any manner. He's even developed his own Scientific format for making horoscope which is far
to conventional one. A common man can easily understand horoscope made on this new Scientific
format. He is a very good Palmist also & has a good knowledge & practice of Palmistry but according to him Palmistry alone can't produce good results but if it is practised along with Horoscope Reading then it can yield very good results.
To encourage the use of national language of India, Hindi, he has kept his consultation fee quite less for obtaining astrological predictions from him in Hindi language as compared to English language. Also he knows very well that a common citizen of India can't afford to pay a high fee for obtaining astrological services, so he is charging very less fee from people calling from inside India and people meeting him in his chamber in India as compared to people calling from outside India. He is the only astrologer in India who has considered the financial constraints of a common Indian man or woman who are facing the problems of unemployment and inflation, while making price slabs of consultation fees
for obtaining astrological consultation. Considering the financial constraints of his various clients, Dr.A.S.Kalra also offers ample discount in the consultation fees. This way he is one of the rare generous astrologer in world who is not so rigid about his consultation fee.
On the other hand he is strongly against the idea of providing free of cost astrological predictions because according to him people seeking free of cost astrological services actually want some form of entertainment and they just want to pass their time. Also astrologers providing free of cost astrological guidance are either some retired people who just want to pass their time and seek some form of entertainment in it or some so called astrologers who provide free of cost astrological consultation are actually some less educated quacks who mislead their clients in the name of costly and baseless remedies and eventually make a lot of money from their clients.
According to astrologist Dr.A.S.Kalra even the poorest person can pay his fee because he has seen very poor and even unemployed people who spend money on a daily basis on purchasing tobacco in the form of cigarette, gutkha and bidi as well as liquor or alcoholic drinks.
So there is no point providing free of cost astrological services to any client also because practice of predictive astrology requires a lot of time, energy and patience on the part of an astrologer.
To protect the privacy of his clients (who visit him in person or who obtain astrological consultation from him over phone) he has decided not to develop any network on any of the social networking websites like Facebook, Orkut or Google Plus etc. though he is having his profile in LinkedIn.Com, Facebook & Google Plus and some people have included him in their circles in Google Plus but he hasn't included anybody in his circles. However pictures of some of his clients or Astrology students have been published in this site after obtaining their permission.
According to him, if his clients would feel satisfied from his work then they can recommend his name to their family members, friends, relatives, neighbours or colleagues on phone or while meeting them in person or via email & it has been oberved that it has been happening in reality also. People who approach him for obtaining astrological guidance are doing his publicity by their mouth. Everybody wants professional growth but it is absolutely not that essential to develop a network on any social networking website for obtaining growth in profession.
So far he has received requests from various Indian TV channels to broadcast some live or recorded program on Astrology in his name but he has refused their request so as to avoid attaining any unwanted widespread publicity. On the other hand side some so called astrologers these days in an order to attain widespread publicity get recorded a video of Astrology program in their name in some recording studio (by paying money to recording studio!) along with an anchor or host which is provided by the recording studio and after that they approach some TV channels to broadcast those videos for obtaining publicity for which they pay huge sums of money to the TV channels. According to Dr.A.S.Kalra majority of such so called astrologers claim to change the destiny of people by various baseless ways which is a good way to betray gullible people watching their videos. Those so called astrologers can not themselves change their own destiny!
Many such astrologers appearing on various TV channels these days prepare a tour program in which they go from one city to another one after another and stay in hotels over there due to which there expenses increase a lot and they start charging exorbitant prices from their clients to compensate for their huge expenses (recording of video program along with an anchor in some studio, approaching TV channels to get them broadcasted, travelling to various cities, staying in hotels, maintaining a call centre with customer care executives to handle phone calls etc.). According to Dr.A.S.Kalra a genuine astrologer has absolutely no need to run from one city to another every other day because if he has some strength in his work then people will start visiting his place not only from other Indian cities but also from other countries! Astrologers running from one city to another are not astrologers but actually they are smart businessmen with good marketing skills! Many gullible people feel that a man or a woman wearing saffron or yellow or orange color loose clothes (like choga), having vermillion mark on his/her forehead or sandalwood paste applied on his/her forehead, wearing a necklace of 'Rudraksha' beads and wearing many rings of gold or silver metal embedded with various gemstones into them would be a good astrologer or sooth sayer or fortune teller of psychic which according to Dr.A.S.Kalra is a big misconception and people should not go by the physical appearance of any astrologer as physical appearance has nothing to do with the knowledge of Astrology. In fact many so called astrologers know this Psychology of people very well and they make their physical appearance like this so that it becomes easy for them to bluff their clients.
Pictures of the chamber of Dr.A.S.Kalra
According to him, Astrology is partly Science and partly it is an art of estimation and success rate of different astrologers is different. Its just like physicians, lawyers, sportspersons and film actors have different success rates and there is not 100% success rate in any profession of the world. Its just like even one of the most famous cricket player of the world who is also called as the 'God of Cricket', Sachin Tendulkar can not guarantee to make six runs on every ball and he can not guarantee to make a century in every match. Interestingly in many crucial matches his bat doesn't works and he is back to pavillion on a duck! Similarly greatest film star of Hindi cinema Mr Amitabh Bachchan has also given many flop films in his career. These examples have been cited here just to prove it that even highly successful professionals in any field never perform the same way always. In a similar profession different persons have different success rates. According to him Vedic Astrology is Astrology in its pure form but in recent centuries many myths & superstitions have been added to Astrology by many cunning astrologers or quacks to make more money from people suffering in their lives. All astrologers are not same. Some are honest and some are dishonest, some are competent and some not so competent, some are genuine and some are not genuine and this is applicable to every profession of this world. Many other astrologers who claim that Astrology is purely a Science are absolutely wrong and they do not know much about Science as well as Astrology. Interestingly majority of astrologers in Indian subcontinent are less educated people and many of them claim to alter the destiny of their clients when they themself can't change their own destiny and are found to be suffering in their own life from various point of views.
Dr.A.S.Kalra'a name has also been included in the world famous astrologers' directory website hosted in USA www.findastrologer.com which is being conceived & managed by Ms Robin Manteris of Nashville, Tennessee, USA. His name appears in the following categories of the website: -
|Astrologers by Speciality >> Vedic Astrology
|Astrologers by Name >> Astrologers listed by name K
|Astrologers by Location >> International Astrologers 'India'
|Local Astrology Classes
Dr. A.S. Kalra (World Famous Astrologer in India Delhi) had earlier choosen to practice & teach Indian Vedic Astrology (or Jyotish) in holy cities of Haridwar & Rishikesh
because these ancient cities are situated on the foothills of Shivalik mountains of the great Himalayas,
on the banks of the
holy & reverred river Ganga (or Ganges). The atmosphere of these cities is quite serene & the cities
have been quite famous since ancient times for Vedic studies. Most tourists (including foreigners) to Haridwar,
Rishikesh, Dehradun & Mussoorie cities as well as various pilgrims to Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath & Kedarnath (located in Uttarakhand state of India)
also scheduled to visit him to obtain Astrological Consultation / Astrological Guidance
or Birth Chart Reading & Palm Analysis. As he can speak English language quite fluenty, he observes no problem in dealing with international clients.
He has also developed clientele in other parts of the world, especially in United States of America (USA), United Kingdom (UK), Canada, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Russia, Estonia, Switzerland, France, South Africa & Vietnam etc. Developing faith in some astrologer is not so easy in today's world and moreover when the astrologer is searched on the internet, that is why Dr.Kalra has provided his so many testimonials in this website as well as various references so that visitors of this site can develop trust in him.
He belongs to a Sikh family (pure vegetarian & teetotaller!!!) and does not belong to any family of conventional astrologers where knowledge and practice of Astrology is passed from one generation to next generation. His father, grand father and great grand father knew nothing of Astrology. He never aimed to become an astrologer during his schooling, graduation and post graduation but he started believing in destiny as well as alternative medicines or holistic healing very strongly during his post graduation and simultaneously developed interest in learning Astrology and various forms of alternative medicines and some time after completing his post graduation changed his aim to become an astrologer instead of working for some organization as an IT
professional. But he strongly feels that becoming an astrologer was there somewhere in his destiny. Before launching himself as an astrologer when Dr.Kalra revealed his plan to enter the field of Vedic Horoscope Astrology on a full time basis his family members, relatives, friends and well wishers were shocked as they couldn't believe it that he would become successful in this line and nobody approved his idea of pursuing Astrology as full time profession. But Dr.Kalra was pretty confident that he would become successful as an astrologer someday. His father Sardar Narinder Singh Kalra is a Mechanical Engineer by education who got retired in year 2009 from BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited), Haridwar plant. BHEL is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy related/infrastructure sector. His mother Mrs Swarn Kaur was a home maker who can't work now due to some ageing related issues. Dr. Kalra's grand parents hailed from Pakistan in year 1947 after India-Pakistan partition and got settled in New Delhi. His grand father late Sardar Amrik Singh Kalra used to work in a tailoring shop entitled 'Swaraj Tailors' on Ajmal Khan Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi till year 1987 which was later on converted into 'Swaraj Saree House'. He has no brother but only one sister Ms Poonam Kalra who holds an MSc degree in Microbiology and who is happily married in Jalandhar, Punjab to Sardar Tajinder Singh, MBA (Finance). Visit www.SikhTurbanShopOnline.Com.
As far as remedies are concerned then according to Dr.A.S.Kalra best remedy for any problem is to pray to God which may boost emotional strength of a person to deal with problems of life. Many great personalities of the world have suffered from big problems in their lives but they kept on praying to God to give them adequate strength to deal with problems. Prayer is recommended in every religion of the world. God has written our destiny and he has the power to change or modify our destiny. Another remedy is to wait for the beginning of appropriate period (or dasha) in life because it has been observed that sometimes a person is suffering in his life due to the onset of a negative phase (or dasha) in his life. A competent astrologer can tell after analyzing the horoscope of a person that when the negative time phase started in a person's life and when it is expected to be over and regarding which issue of life negativity is persisting in the person's life.
As far as gem stones are concerned then according to Dr.Kalra gem stones affect a person more on a psychological basis but sometimes it has been observed that in some cases where some persons were suffering from some health issues, after wearing appropriate gem stones prescribed by some competent astrologer they got relieved from the health issue very fastly (of course they also continued taking medicines prescribed by the physician or specialist). In some cases it has been observed that some astrologers are doing the business of selling gem stones along with doing horoscope reading. Either they have a stock of gem stones along with them or they tie up with some gem stones trader from whom they receive commission on recommending the name of that gem stone trader to their clients. Such astrologers some how manage to convince their clients to wear some gem stone and in some cases if by chance sometime after wearing the gem stone a positive time phase begins in the life of the client and the client starts observing positive results in his life then the client starts thinking that due to wearing that particular gem stone prescribed by that astrologer he/she started getting benefited. Actually that person got benefitted not by wearing that gemstone but due to the onset of a positive time phase in his life which by chance started after wearing that gem stone prescribed by that so called astrologer.
There are many hopeless cases also where there is no solution available. Its just like some people are mentally retarded or suffering from some other critical illness, some other people don't have a love life or happy married life in their destiny, some people struggle due to financial reasons through out their lives due to their bad luck etc. In such cases there can be only one solution and that is... acceptance to the will of God!!! Dr.A.S.Kalra do not believe that by getting done some sort of yagya, havan, jap, tantra, mantra from some pandit or some so called astrologer or by keeping some yantra or kavach etc. destiny can be altered or happiness can be achieved in life. There is no such remedy mentioned in Vedic Astrology and majority of so called astrologers today are making fool of gullible people in the name of costly remedies so as to extract fat amount of money from them. Lord Krishna asked Arjuna to continue doing his 'Karma' with out attaching himself too much with the fruits or results. Someone has said it rightly: - "Waqt se pehle or kismat se zyada na kabhi kisi ko kuch mila hai na milega."
Many so called astrologers or jyotish of Indian subcontinent who claim themselves to be the world famous astrologers (when they are actually not!!!) can't speak or write a single sentence in English language properly. Leave English... many of them can not even speak Hindi language properly (they can't pronounce Hindi words properly!). Majority of them do not even know what are IITs or what is ANANDA SPA RESORT & they can't even read THE TIMES OF INDIA newspaper. To become a world famous astrologer command over English language is very essential because English is the language which has helped networked the world because English people ruled more than half of the world for centuries. India's celebrity astrologer Bejan Daruvalla became a world famous astrologer not only because of his knowledge of Astrology but also because he has a good command over English language & he has also served as a professor of English language in Ahmedabad.
Besides Haridwar, he is also quite famous in adjoining cities of Haridwar like: - Rishikesh, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Roorkee, Kotdwara, Saharanpur & Muzaffarnagar as well as in New Delhi (& NCRs: - Noida, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad & Faridabad),
Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore (or Bengaluru), Hyderabad, Chennai, Trivandrum, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kolkata, Mysore, Jaipur & Vadodara cities.
He also holds strong interest in various forms of Alternative Medicines like: - Naturopathy,
Acupressure, Magnetotherapy, Homoeopathy, Tissue Salts (Biochemy), Ayurveda, Unani & Yoga etc.
Practitioner of Astrology is called as Astrologer or Astrologist or Jyotishi. An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. Various forms of Astrology are: - Horoscope Reading, Palmistry, Tarot Card Reading, Numerology, I-Ching, Runes, Crystal Ball Gazing & Hebrew Kabalah etc. Typically a Vedic Astrologer or an Indian Astrologer draws a horoscope for the time of an event, such as a person's birth, and interprets celestial points and their placements at the time of the event to better understand someone, determine the auspiciousness of an undertaking's beginning, etc. However, the methods employed by astrologers are variable and depend on the particular astrological tradition they employ and the information desired. In the far past, the role often entailed astronomical observation or manual calculation of celestial phenomena. In more modern times, however, these methods have largely been replaced by pre-calculated ephemeris and astrological software.
The Predictive Indian Vedic Astrology is based upon some logics given by the sage Parashara.
It is not a Science but there lies some strength or truth in it due to
which it is still present in this world.
The success of an Indian Vedic Astrologer depends upon how much correct he
can tell about an unknown person or his life or how many of his clients get satisfied by his predictions.
No Astrologer is 100% correct. Indian Celebrity Astrologer
Bejan Daruwalla (or Bejan Daruvalla or Bejan Daruvala or Bejan Daruwala) has also admitted it many times.
Many times the prediction of a Jyotishi on some client goes wrong because the client do not
provide correct birth details. Many clients give estimated birth details & moreover with a lot of
confidence. Some clients do not want to bother to enquire their correct birth details from their
elders as they do not realize the importance of correct birth details in Jyotisha.
An Indian Vedic Astrologer (even Doctor of Astrology or Doctorate of Astrology) can himself suffer in life due to his own bad luck or a bad phase of time.
The job of an Indian Vedic Astrologer is not to bluff his clients by claiming that he can change
their destiny by prescribing some so called remedies (like stones, mantras, tantras, yantras, yagna, havan,
poojas, homams or daans) but only to tell something
about their destiny & to alert them of some coming good or bad phase of time in their lives so that his
clients can prepare themselves in advance (if situation seems to be avoidable or if its bad effect can
be minimized) according to the practical ways as suggested by the Indian Vedic Astrologer or Vedic Astrologers in India . Though
altering one's destiny is not that easy & it can not be done with out the bounty of God.
Astrological Predictions, Online Astrological Predictions, Online Astrology Predictions, Online Astrology India, Online Astrologers, Online Astrological Readings, Online Astrology, Phone Astrology, Phone Astrology India, Online Astro, Phone Astrology Delhi, Phone Astrologers, Phone Astro, Phone Astrologers India, Phone Astrologers Delhi, Phone Astrological Advice, Astrologers Online, Astrologers Online India, Astrologers on Phone in India, Astrologers on Phone in Delhi, Telephonic Astrology, Telephone Astrology, Telephone Astrology India, Telephonic Astrology Consultation, Live Astrology, Live Astrology Chat, Live Astrology Reading, Online Horoscope Reading, Online Horoscope Prediction, Horoscope Reading on Phone, Horoscope Reading by date of birth, horoscope interpretation, horoscope analysis
List of Top ten 10 Best & Famous Astrologers in India, World
Top ten/10 Astrologers in India (World) are: - Bejan Daruwalla (or Bejan Daruvalla), Pt. Ajay Bhambi, Dr. Prem Kr. Sharma, K.N. Rao, Anupam V. Kapil, Bansilal M Jumaani, Sanjay B Jumaani, Swetta Jumaani, Maa Prem Usha, Sunita Menon and Doctor A.S. Kalra (World famous Astrologers).
His name is in the directory of top astrologers in India (or top Jyotish in India, World). He is the Astrologer to the Rich and Famous. He has been a professor in English. Currently his articles publish in The Sunday Times of India, Telegraph (Calcutta), Navkind Times (Goa), Dell Annual Horoscope,1998 (New York), News India (New York), Berkley Communications (London). His books are published by Hind Pocket Books and are available for sale in the Book Stores. Bejan Daruwalla also meets people for astrological consultations.
The prime minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee, invited Ganesha devotee who is a celebrity astrologer in India, on July 16,2000, to predict his and India's future, surely a feather in the cap of astrology! The world's biggest non government organization, the Bhartiya Vidhya Bhawan, had Bejan as their chief guest on their first convocation ceremony after the centenary year. It was held on December 19, 1999.
As early as 1998 the publishers of the book, had said in the introduction of "Ganesha devotee, and Pete Sampras, the tennis champ, can now only compete against themselves.Today the whole world knows that Pete Sampras has created a history in the Wimbledon by winning the title for the 7th time and claiming a record breaking 13th grand slam title.
What has to say about himself? Only a human being born on 11th, July 1931,who loves to laugh and play and love everybody. Bejan is only the vessel for the grace of Ganesha to flow in. Yes, he does go wrong from time to time, he loves his family, cares deeply and is emotionally bonded with hoops of steel to the whole wide world. He, in short, cares and dares.
Famous Indian astrologer Bejan Daruwala also has a notable record of failed predictions, some of which include his prediction that South Africa will emerge the winner of 2003 Cricket World Cup. For 2007 Cricket World Cup he predicted that India had a strong chance of winning the World Cup and that either Rahul Dravid or Munaf Patel would be "player of the tournament". He had forecasted that Shahrukh Khan would gain name and fame from his association with Kolkata Knight Riders in 2008. He added that both Shahrukh and Saurav Ganguly are in great shape astrologically which should bode well for Kolkata Knight Riders. The team was supposed to reach semi-finals in the IPL tournament as per his prediction.
One of the best Indian astrologer Bejan Daruwala had also predicted that Kashmir problem should be solved between 2001 and 2002. Another prediction was made to the effect that Atal Bihari Vajpayee would return to the power in 2004. After Manmohan Singh became the PM with UPA in power at the centre in 2004, he predicted that India will have a new government by August 2005. Predicting the rise of India as a superpower in 21st century, he asserted the year 2008 will mark India's rise. In December 2004 he predicted that India and Pakistan will reach a workable truce in the next three years. At the same point of time, he made this observation for US, "I am not happy with Bush. He made a mistake by attacking Iraq and I suspect that he may not be able to complete his term." Further, he added, "it will take at least nine months for any kind of peace to come to Iraq." He also predicted that before 2010 America will have a woman President. In March 2009, he predicted that, "Amitabh might become a grandfather this year, Saif might get married."Another prediction was that "2009 will bring about Osama's downfall." On the sets of Bigg Boss 4, replying to a question from host Salman Khan about who will win the show, Daruwalla (Top Indian Astrologer) said, "I see there is a tough competition between Shweta Tiwari and Dolly Bindra." He also predicted that Salman Khan will host the next season of Bigg Boss as well.
Some of his most amusing predictions include the assertion that by 2007 "massive trains and huge cars will fly gracefully" and "the secrets of the space as such will be discovered." Another prediction speaks about India that, "On our Republic Day 2008, we will be visited by aliens. The best part of it is, we will know it and accept it.
His name is also taken among the world famous astrologers in India (expert vedic astrologers in India), New Delhi . He is one of the Vedic Astrologers in India (or Vedic Jyotishi in India). He retired from the Indian Audit and counts Service as Director General in November 1990.
He was initiated into astrology by his mother. He is the Advisor of Astrology Courses in the Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan, New Delhi. The teachers on the teaching faculty of the astrology course in the Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan have, like him, never charged any fees for teaching which they do in an honorary capacity.
What impelled Rao to do it is well explained in his own horoscope where the lagna and the 10th lords get combined in the lagna, with an exalted Jupiter in the 10th house. What different yogis have said about astrology as a Vedanga which he must not give up has been quoted in his book, Yogis, Destiny and the Wheel of Time. Astrology is ill-reputed as a profession because of its mercenary and exploitative nature.
In the year 2000 when he (reputed indian astrologers in India or astrologer of reputation in India). was ailing seriously and was unable even to walk, astrology was introduced as a subject of study in modern Indian universities , (it has been taught in Sanskrit institutions for many decades and centuries), it was relentlessly attacked by the pseudo-scientists, pseudo-intellectuals and the media, both print and electronic, carried on a relentless propaganda.
If the media has an honest intention of contributing to social causes why does it not take up a fight against fraudulent astrologers who make fortunes in the name of fraudulent and non existent yogas like KAAL SARPA YOGA and costly remedial measures through which they cheat people all over India ?
Pt. Ajai Bhambi
He is in the list of best astrologers in India (or best jyotishi in India, World). He is a post graduate in Economics & a Law graduate. Before practicing Astrology he was practicing Law. A prolific writer, he has written several books and writes for many magazines and newspapers both in India as well as overseas. He has a regular column in The Hindustan Times for the last five years where he writes on national and international personalities in a column entitled Star Trek. He was a columnist in Deccan Chronicle (Hyderabad) for five years. In this column he provided solutions to the problems of the people astrologically. Readers also sent in their questions along with their birth details.
The same kind of service is also provided in other magazines like Sun, Freeads, and Kadambini, which are published from Delhi. He gives a daily forecast in Delhi Midday, The Shillong Times. His monthly column runs in Cosmopolitan, International Trade Management Network etc. He also has a column in Gulf-News Dubai. He writes for Samna (Mumbai) and Dainik Tribune (Chandigarh).
He is one of the most popular astrologers in India and has authored many books some of which are ‘Be Your Own Astrologer’, ‘Vaastu for You and Your Family’, ‘Neech Bhang Raj Yog’, ‘Manavta Ka EKmatra Mitra Shani’ etc.
Dr. Prem Kumar Sharma
He comes in the list of famous astrologers in India (or Famous Jyotish in India or Online Astrologers in India) has made several predictions duly chronicle in leading Indian newspapers like The Hindustan Times, The Times of India, The Tribune group Publications (The Tribune, Punjabi Tribune, Dainik Tribune), Indian Express, Hind Samachar Group (Punjab Kesri & Jag Bani), Dainik Bhaskar, Ajit Samachar, Punjab Times International (U.K.), Desi Talk (A NewsIndia Group Publications, New York), etc. Dr. Sharma is providing content for Hindustan Times on regular basis (A Leading National Daily Newspaper).
He answers the queries of general people daily in "Astro Queries" section of Hindustan Times.He is providing Daily Forecast and Birthday Thoughts for HT City. He is also providing services to Hindustan Times subscribers, answering their queries, in HT Live in Delhi and its surrounding areas. He answers the queries of general people Weekly in "Astro Queries" section of Divya Himachal Newspaper that circulates in Shimla and other areas of Himachal Pradesh.
He is also regularly providing the content for weekly as well as Birthday Thoughts for NewsIndia Group Publication, New York. He is providing daily forecast for "Hitavada" newspaper that circulates in Nasik and other major cities of Maharashtra. He provided Vaastu articles for "Mail Today" newspaper. Dr. Sharma provides weekly content to "The South Asian Newspaper" that circulates in Newyork and its nearby areas. He also answers the queries of the people in this newspaper. He provides Hindi Weekly Forecast for Sunday edition of Punjab Kesari (Hindi National Daily Newspaper).
Anupam V Kapil
His name comes in the list of leading astrologers in India (or top Indian Astrologers). A Palmist, psychic and India’s only phonetic numerologist he is the best selling author of Numerology Made Easy by Penguin Books and a columnist (daily predictions) for the Times of India (all editions) and is popular on Radio Mirchi, Pune for daily predictions.
India' s most contacted numerologist on mobile with 14 lacs sms’s on his premium sms on 8888 enabled on Air Tel, Reliance, Hutch, BSNL, Orange, Idea, BPL and all other mobile operators in India, Pune based he runs a successful logistics company too. After completing his Masters in Journalism and Communications, MBA and Law, he took up journalism and wrote extensively for The Times of India, Indian Express and Mid Day.
Specialisation: He (professional astrologer of India) whose name appears in the list of vedic astrologers in India specialises in remedial measures in Astrology and Palmistry. He believes that Grace of God and intuition have helped him at every step. Well versed in spiritual subjects and meditation, he also learnt some esoteric secrets from a Himalayan master . Though well acquainted with face reading, graphology and gem therapy Anupam finds them useful but limiting in nature and believe in holistic healing methods by right living and using mantra vidya (sounda phonetics) in a positive way.
Bansilal M Jumaani
He is in the list of good astrologers in India (or good Indian Astrologers). He was born in Karachi (now in Pakistan). His family migrated to Bombay during the partition. An erstwhile finance broker He started dabbling in numerology as a hobby, soon this hobby turned into a passion, he read more than 200 books, a priest at the Sitladevi temple near four bungalows, Andheri (Bombay- India) guided him with various scriptures. Family disputes and the burden of marrying off two daughters ensured that Numerology remained a hobby, for if branded as a “Jyotishi” (Soothsayer) he would have problems in marrying off his daughters. He has been a student of Numerology for over 30 years and was quite popular in his friend circle, on who he experimented to perfect his unique method.
The turning point in his career came when he managed to get a message across to a famous filmstar who had been jailed “I told them if they brought up the case for hearing on a particular day, he would be able to walk free. They heeded my advice and the rest is history. A film distributor and friend Farahad Nathani tested him by giving him film titles a few days before the film release and asked him to predict the results, when satisfied he gave the title “Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai” Jumaani added two extra A’s and the rest is history.
He (professional astrologer of India) is assisted by his son at his Mumbai office. His daughter heads the Pune office of the Jumaanies.
Sanjay B Jumaani
He is one of the great astrologers in India (or India's top astrologers). He struggled in his sales job for 17 years, (he started working at 14, alongside doing Junior college) and could barely make two ends meet. Despite completing targets the rewards would be taken by others. Finally, frustrated with this, he decided to consult his father and was advised to use Sanjay Jumaani instead of Sanjay Jumani. What followed in the next 6 months was a roller-coaster change, as the vibrations of his new name made him chuck his job as a marketing executive of seventeen years to take a plunge into the world of numerology. He is successfully handling his father’s profession and is also in the limelight for all his remarkable predictions; he has been instrumental in changing a lot of people’s destiny by altering the spellings in their names and surnames.
It has been over 8 years since, and He has broken new frontiers by launching this web site. He had a one hour weekly programme on a radio channel, Radio City 91 FM, which was broadcasted for over two years, and also he had a show on Radio Mirchi in Mumbai, which was successfully broadcast every Monday for 2 years. He hosted a 30 minute TV show called Bolien Ssitare on Sahara One’s which was an instant success. He is the only Numerologist in the world to predict a "TIE" in a one day cricket match between India and Srilanka some years ago. ("Radio City 91FM")’
He (psychic reader) recalls one of his memorable clients – a childless couple. “We found that their names were not in harmony with each other. So we changed their names and advised them about the colour they should use, - and you wouldn’t believe, they had a child in a year’s time. That has been the most satisfying moment of our career”. Smiles Sanjay.
His views are highly respected and appear in various leading newspapers from time to time. When Salman Khan was in trouble due to his alleged involvement in an accident and his exploits in Rajasthan, He through his raido programme predicted that misfortune plagued him due to his preference for black colour, which does not suit his number 9. He suggested him to wear blue, green and beige colours, which would solve his problems. On his mothers perusal Salman wore Blue jeans and white shirt, after which his bail plea was finally accepted. “Colour plays an important role in the fortunes of a person” says Sanjay.
He (Famous Indian Astrologers) whose name comes in the list of most famous astrologers in India also writes columns for leading publications like Times Of India, Filmfare, Ananda Bazar Ptrika (No 1 Bengali newspaper in the east). Tathaastu , a U.S based magazine & does a radio pragramme for Dubai as well as Mumbai.
She is a good clairvoyant, psychic reader, healer, tarot card reader, counsellor, future teller, fortune teller, one of the expert Indian astrologers and one of the most famous astrologers in world. She uses the insight and abilities she’s developed to help her clients lead more fulfilling lives, with more personal understanding and foresight. According to her our future is our own to shape and mould, as we desire. We all have the magical gift of being psychics but how many of us have the power of concentration to develop it?
She had an uncle who was a practising astrologer. She used to sit with him. He taught her a lot about kundli and astrology. It was a south Indian system. She learnt it but never really thought she would use it. She always treated it more as a hobby and was always very hush about it.
Maa Prem Usha
She (Top Indian Astrologers) is a well known, leading, eminent Indian astrologer (Tarot consultant), one of the top most astrologers in India and has been reading Tarot cards at the ITC Maurya Sheraton Hotel, New Delhi, for the last 20 years. She has been interviewed and written about in several national and international magazines and periodicals. She is a celebrity astrologers in India who has contributed to major websites and continues to write regular columns for leading periodicals and magazines on various subjects like politics, fashion, health, food, spirituality, children, men and women, giving insights, direction, prediction and counseling.
She (Top 10 astrologers in India) has been doing live shows and giving television interviews also on national and international channels. A sanyasin initiated by Osho 30 years ago, her clientele consists of people from all walks of life from all over the world. She reads cards, predicts, counsels and heals people by conducting individual as well as group readings.
Her name also comes in the list of renowned astrologers in India and one of the topmost Indian astrologers in the world. She future teller, comes from the famous Jumaani family. An ardent fan of her father, the Eminent Numerologist Bansilal, She keenly studied this occult science of numerology under his competent guidance. Her brother Sanjay too is also a world famous Numerologist. Being a number two person (Two is the number of the Moon) She was keenly interested in this science right from her childhood, and in her own amateurish way used to advise her close friends and relatives, even at that time. Swetta’s interest soon turned into to a hobby which she continued, even after marriage (She married a Military man), the difference now was that every 3 to 4 years she had to change the place of her residence, this was a boon in disguise as she got a chance to experience the various cultures of our country, She practiced numerology as a hobby wherever she went. She has finally settled down to the numerological lucky city of Pune. And it was here that she took a plunge professionally in the family tradition.
She (India's best astrologer) inaugurated her office in Pune on the 6th of Jul 2003. She created some major ripples when her very first prediction on Aug 24 2003, regarding the effects of the planet Mars as it moves closer to the earth, rang true ‘word by word’.
She has been making predictions every year since 2004, most of which have come true, including Pune coming on the world map and its progress in various fields, besides a host of other predictions concerning various stars and sports personalities.
She (India's famous astrologer) had her own show on the ever popular Radio Mirchi, aptly named A Date with your fate. All India radio too used to broadcast her popular program ‘Naam mein kya hai?-Sabkucch’ every week. She is also on 94.3 Radio ONE. Monday to Friday morning from 6 to 7 am.
The popular Marathi daily newspaper ‘Lokmat’ which is published from 13 districts in Maharashtra, carried a weekly column on Numerology for three years every Sunday which was penned by She (fortune teller). She has been regularly coming on TV channels such as SONY TV, ZEE News, Janmat, India TV, SAB TV, Sahara NCR, Star Maza, Mi marathi and so on. She has traveled to places such as Dubai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Kolhapur, Aurangabad, Nasik and Nagpur for spreading the benefits of Numerology and consulting people.
She (Best Indian Astrologers) at present stars in a half hour show on numerology which is aired every sunday by the popular marathi channel ‘Mi Marathi’ at 9 am. She writes a column for the daily local newspaper Maharashtra Herald (Now Sakal Times) and the weekly tabloid ‘Intelligent Pune’. She also has a weekly show on radio city Surat (Gujurat).
She heads the Pune office of the Jumaanies. She has been advising numerous famous and well known personalities, builders, politicians and industrialists along with a large number of ordinary people.
But... Singh is the King!
Famous Astrologers in India, Best Astrologers in India, Astrologers in India, World Famous Astrologers in India, Good Astrologers in India, Indian Astrologers in India, Astrologers in India Delhi, Best Vedic Astrologers in India, Top Astrologers in India, Top 10 ten Astrologers in India, Top five 5 Astrologers in India, List of Astrologers in India, List of Top Astrologers in India, Leading Astrologers in India, Good Astrologers in India, Vedic Astrologers in India, Online Astrologers in India, Directory of Astrologers in India, Celebrity Astrologers in India, India's Famous Astrologers, India's Top Astrologers, India's Best Astrologers, Top Indian Astrologers, Best Indian Astrologers, Famous Indian Astrologers, Eminent Astrologers in India, Renowned Astrologers in India, Great Astrologers in India, Expert Astrologers in India, Professional Astrologers, Horoscope Readers in India, Top Jyotish India, Psychic Reader India, Clairvoyant, Fortune Teller India, Future Teller India, Top Most Astrologers in India, Most Famous Astrologers in India
India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is Online Astrologers in India the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.
Home to the Indus Valley Civilisation and a astrologers in india region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's Directory of Astrologers in India diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the India's Famous Astrologer mid-nineteenth century, India became best astrologers in india an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for Online Astrologer in India independence that was marked by widespread non-violent resistance.
India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven Directory of Astrologer in India union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the fourth largest in purchasing power. List of Astrologers in India Economic reforms since 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies palmistry in India; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and malnutrition. A top astrologers in india pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of Astrologer to the Rich and Famous protected habitats
The name India is derived from Indus, which is derived from the India's Top Astrologer Old Persian word Hindu, from Sanskrit Sindhu, the historic local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, the people of the Indus. The Constitution of India and common usage in various Indian languages also famous astrologers in india recognise Bharat as an official name of equal status. The name Bharat is Astrologers to the Rich and Famous derived from the name of the legendary king Bharata in Hindu Mythology. Hindustan, originally a Persian word for “Land of the Hindus” referring to northern India, is also occasionally used as a synonym for all of India.
Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in India's Best Astrologer Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in India. The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually India's Famous Astrologers developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, dating back to 3300 BCE in western vedic astrologers in India. It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Indian society, and ended in the 500s BCE. From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established palmists in India across the country.
Paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, Horoscope Reader in India sixth centuryIn the third century BCE, most of South Asia was united into the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya and flourished under Ashoka the India's Top Astrologers Great. From the third century CE, the Gupta dynasty oversaw the period referred to as ancient "India's Golden Age." Empires in Southern India included those of the Chalukyas, the Cholas and the Vijayanagara Empire. Science, technology, engineering, art, logic, language, literature, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy flourished under the patronage of these kings.
Following invasions from Central Asia between the 10th and 12th centuries, much of North India came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire. Under the rule of Akbar the Great, India enjoyed much cultural and economic progress as well as religious harmony. Mughal emperors gradually expanded their empires to cover large parts of the India's Best Astrologers subcontinent. However, in Renowned Astrologer in India North-Eastern India, the dominant power was the Ahom dr sk kalra astrologer kingdom of Assam, among the few kingdoms to have resisted Mughal subjugation. The first major threat to Mughal imperial power came from a Hindu Rajput king Maha Rana Pratap of Mewar in the 14th century and later from a Hindu state known as the Maratha confederacy, that dominated much of famous palmists in India in the mid-18th century.
From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, the Top Jyotishi in India Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom established trading posts and later took advantage of internal conflicts to establish colonies in the country. By 1856, most of India was under the control of the British East India Company. A year later, a nationwide insurrection of rebelling military units and Horoscope Readers in India kingdoms, known as India's First War of Independence or the Sepoy Mutiny, number one astrologer in india seriously challenged the Great Astrologer in India Company's control but eventually failed. As a result of the instability, India was brought under the direct rule of Genuine Astrologers in India the British Crown.
Mahatma Gandhi (right) with Jawaharlal Nehru, 1937. Nehru Eminent Astrologer in India would go on to become India's first prime minister in 1947.In the 20th century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched dr ak kalra astrologer by the Indian National Congress and other political organisations. Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in national campaigns of non-violent civil disobedience.
On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from British rule, but at the same time the Muslim-majority areas were partitioned to form a separate state of Pakistan. On 26 January 1950, India became a republic and a new constitution dr s.k. kalra astrologer came into effect.
Since independence, India has faced challenges from Top Jyotishi in India religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies, especially in Jammu and Kashmir and Northeast India. Since the 1990s terrorist attacks have affected many Indian cities. India has unresolved territorial disputes with P. R. China, which in 1962 escalated into the Sino-Indian War; and with Pakistan, which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999. India is a founding member of the United Nations (as British India) and the Non-Aligned Eminent Astrologers in India Movement. In 1974, India conducted an underground nuclear test and five more tests in 1998, making India a nuclear state. Beginning in 1991, Top Most Astrologer in World significant economic reforms number one astrologer in india have transformed Genuine Astrologer in India into one of the fastest-growing economies in the celebrity astrologers in India world, increasing its global clout.
The Constitution of India, the longest and the most exhaustive Renowned Astrologers in India constitution of any independent nation in the world, came into force on 26 January, 1950. The preamble of the constitution defines India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. India has a bicameral parliament operating under a Westminster-style parliamentary system. Its Best Astrologer in World form of government was traditionally described as being 'quasi-federal' with a strong centre and weaker states, astrology by dr as kalra but it has grown increasingly federal since the late 1990s as a result of political, economic and social changes.
The President of India is the head of state elected indirectly by an electoral college for a five-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of government and exercises most executive powers. Appointed by the Most Famous Astrologer in World President, the Great Astrologers in India Prime Minister is by convention Astrologer in India New Delhi supported by the party or political alliance astrology by dr kalra holding the majority of seats in the lower house of Parliament. The executive branch celebrity astrologers in india consists of the President, Vice-President, and the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet being its executive committee) eminent astrologers in india headed by the Prime Minister. Any minister Indian Astrologer holding a portfolio must be a member of either house of parliament. In the Indian parliamentary system, the executive is subordinate to the legislature, with the Famous Astrologer in India Prime Minister and his Council being top ten Astrology websites in India directly responsible to the lower house of the Parliament.
The Legislature of India is the bicameral Parliament, which consists of the best jyotish in india upper house called the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the lower house called the Lok Sabha (House of People). The Rajya Sabha, a permanent body, kalra astrology has 245 members Expert Astrologer in India serving staggered six year terms. Most are elected indirectly by the state and territorial Best Astrologer in India legislatures in proportion to the state's population. 543 of the Lok top ten astrology sites in India Sabha's 545 members are directly elected by popular vote to represent individual constituencies for five year terms. The Top Most Astrologers in World other two members Astrologer in India are nominated by the dr s.k kalra astrologer President from the Anglo-Indian community if the President is of the opinion that the community is not adequately represented.
India has a unitary three-tier judiciary, consisting of the Supreme Court, Top Astrologer in India headed by the Chief Justice of India, twenty-one High Courts, and a large number of trial courts. The Supreme top 10 astrology websites in india Court has original List of Top Astrologer in India jurisdiction over cases involving fundamental rights and over disputes expert astrologer in India between states and the Centre, and appellate jurisdiction over the High Courts. It is judicially independent, and has the power to declare best Indian Astrologers in India the law and to astrology by kalra strike down Union or State laws which contravene the Constitution. The role as the top Indian Astrologers in India ultimate interpreter of the Best Astrologers in World Constitution is one of the most important functions of the Supreme Court.
India consists of twenty-eight states and seven Union Territories. All Top Most Astrologer in India states, and the two union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments patterned dr as kalra astrology on the Westminster model. The other five union territories are directly ruled by the Centre top 10 astrology sites in India through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Famous Indian Astrologers in India Reorganisation Act, states were formed on a linguistic basis. Since then, this famous jyotish in india structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided Most Famous Astrologers in World into administrative districts. The districts in turn are further divided into tehsils and eventually into villages.
Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.States:
STATES & UTs
Jammu and Kashmir
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
National Capital Territory of Delhi
India is the most populous democracy in the world. For most of the years since independence, the federal government has been led by the Indian National Congress (INC). Politics in the states have been dominated by several national parties including the INC, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and various regional parties. From 1950 to 1990, barring two brief periods, the INC enjoyed a parliamentary majority. The INC top Astrology websites in India was out of power between 1977 and 1980, when the Janata Party Expert Astrologers in India won the election owing to public discontent with the state of number one astrologer in India emergency declared by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In 1989, a Most Famous Astrologer in India Janata Dal-led National Front coalition in alliance with the Left Front coalition won top jyotish india the elections but managed to stay in power for only two years. As the 1991 elections gave no political party a majority, the INC formed a minority top jyotish in india government leading astrologers in india under Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and was able to top Astrology Sites in India complete its five-year term celebrity astrologer in India.
The years 1996-1998 were a period of turmoil in the federal government with several short-lived alliances holding sway. The BJP formed a government briefly in 1996, followed by the United Front coalition that Leading Astrologer in India excluded both the BJP and the INC. In 1998, the BJP formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) with several other parties and good jyotish in india became the first non-Congress government to complete a full five-year term. In the 2004 Indian elections, the INC won the largest number of Lok Sabha good astrologers in world seats and formed Vedic Astrologer in India a government with a renowned astrologers in india coalition called the horoscope astrologers in india United Progressive Alliance (UPA), supported by various Left-leaning parties and members opposed to the BJP. The UPA again came into power in the 2009 general election; however, the celebrity astrologers in india representation of the Left leaning parties within the coalition has significantly reduced. Manmohan Singh became Good Astrologer in India the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962 to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.
Since its independence in 1947, India has maintained cordial Astrologers in India New Delhi relationships with most nations. It took a leading role in the 1950s by advocating the independence of European colonies in Africa and Asia. India was involved in two brief military interventions in neighbouring countries – Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka and horoscope readers in india Operation Cactus in Maldives. India is a Best Jyotish in India member of the Commonwealth of Nations and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. After the Sino-Indian War and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, India's relationship with the Indian Astrologers Soviet Union warmed and continued to Best Astrology Websites in india remain so until the end of the Cold War. India has fought two wars with Pakistan over the Kashmir dispute. A third war between India and Pakistan in 1971 resulted in the creation of best astrologers in world Bangladesh (then East Pakistan). Additional skirmishes have taken place between the best jyotish india two nations over the Siachen Glacier. In 1999, India and Pakistan fought an best astrology sites in India undeclared war over Kargil.
India and Russia share an extensive economic, defence and Top Astrologers in India technological relationship. Shown here is PM Manmohan Singh with President Dmitry Medvedev at the 34th G8 Summit.In recent years, India has played an influential role in the SAARC, and the WTO. India has provided as many as 55,000 Indian military and Indian police personnel to serve in thirty-five UN peace keeping Horoscope Readers in India operations across four continents. Despite true indian astrologer criticism and military sanctions, popular astrologers in India has consistently refused to sign the CTBT and the NPT, preferring instead to maintain horoscope astrologers in india sovereignty over its nuclear program. Recent overtures by the Indian government have strengthened relations with the United States, China and Pakistan. In the economic sphere, India has horoscope astrologers close relationships with other horoscope readers in india developing nations in South America, Asia and Africa.
India maintains the third-largest military force in the world, which consists of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and auxiliary forces such as the Paramilitary Forces, the Coast Guard, and the Strategic Forces Top Indian Astrologers Command. The President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces. India maintains close defence cooperation with Russia, Israel and France, Best Astrologers in India who are the chief suppliers of arms. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) oversees indigenous development of sophisticated arms and military equipment, top horoscope astrologers including ballistic missiles, fighter aircraft and good astrologers in india main famous jyotish india battle tanks, to reduce India's dependence on foreign imports. India became a nuclear power in 1974 after conducting an initial nuclear test, Operation Smiling Buddha and further underground testing in 1998. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy. On 10 October, 2008 Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement was signed, prior to which India received IAEA and NSG waivers, ending restrictions Horoscope Reader in India on nuclear technology commerce with which India became de facto best horoscope astrologers sixth nuclear power in world.
India, the major portion of the Indian subcontinent, sits atop the Indian tectonic plate, a minor plate within the Indo-Australian Plate.
India's defining geological processes commenced seventy-five million years ago, when the Indian subcontinent, then part of the southern supercontinent Gondwana, began a northeastwards drift-lasting fifty million years-across the then unformed Indian Ocean. The subcontinent's subsequent collision with the Eurasian Plate and subduction under it, gave rise to the great astrologers in india Himalayas, Famous Astrologers in India the planet's highest mountains, Best Indian Astrologers which now abut India in the north and the north-east. In the former seabed immediately south of the emerging Himalayas, plate movement created a vast trough, the most accurate astrologers in the world which, having gradually been filled with river-borne sediment, now forms the Indo-Gangetic Plain. To the west of this plain, and cut off from it by the Aravalli Range, lies the Thar Desert.
The original Indian plate now survives Famous Indian Astrologers as peninsular India, the oldest and Astrologers in India geologically most stable part of India, and extending as far north as the Satpura and Vindhya ranges in central India. These parallel ranges run from the Arabian Sea coast in Gujarat in the west to the coal-rich Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand in the east. To their south, the remaining peninsular landmass, the Top 10 ten Astrologers in India, Deccan Plateau, is flanked online Astrologers in India the left and right by the coastal ranges, Western famous horoscope astrologers Ghats and Eastern Ghats respectively; the plateau contains the oldest rock formations in India, some over one billion years old. Constituted in such fashion, India lies to the north of the equator between 6°44' and 35°30' north latitude and 68°7' and 97°25' east longitude.
India's coast is 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi) long; of this distance, 5,423 kilometres (3,400 mi) belong to Good Indian Astrologers peninsular India, and 2,094 kilometres (1,300 mi) to the Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep Islands. According to the Indian naval hydrographic charts, the mainland coast consists of the following: 43% sandy beaches, 11% rocky coast including cliffs, and 46% mudflats or marshy coast.
The Himalayas form the mountainous landscape of Northern India. Top five 5 Astrologers in India Seen here is Ladakh in Jammu & Kashmir. Major Himalayan-origin rivers that substantially flow through India include the Ganga (Ganges) and the Brahmaputra, both of which drain into the Bay of Bengal. Important tributaries of the Ganga (Ganges) include the Yamuna and the Kosi, greatest astrologers in india whose extremely low gradient causes disastrous floods every year. Major peninsular rivers whose steeper gradients prevent their waters from flooding include the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Kaveri, and the Krishna, which also drain into the Bay of Bengal; and the Narmada and the Tapti, which drain into the top astrologers in world Arabian Sea. Among notable coastal features of India are the marshy Rann of Kutch in top 10 astrologers in the world western horoscope astrologers India, and the alluvial Sundarbans delta, which India shares with true indian astrologer Bangladesh. India has two archipelagos: the Lakshadweep, coral atolls off India's south-western coast; and the Andaman Indian astrologers online and Nicobar Islands, a volcanic chain in the Andaman Sea.
India's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert, Eminent Indian Astrologers both of which drive the monsoons. The Himalayas prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the top Indian astrologers subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. The Thar top ten astrologers in the world Desert plays a crucial role in horoscope india astrologers attracting the moisture-laden southwest summer best astrologers in world monsoon List of Top Astrologers in India winds that, between June and October, provide the majority of India's rainfall. Four major climatic groupings predominate in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
India, which lies within the Indomalaya ecozone, displays significant biodiversity. One of eighteen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species. Many ecoregions, such as the shola forests, exhibit extremely high rates of endemism; overall, 33% of Indian plant species are endemic.
India's forest cover ranges from the tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and North-East India to the coniferous forest of the Himalaya. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous Top Most Astrologers in India forest of eastern India; the teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn Renowned Indian Astrologers forest of the central Most Famous Astrologers in India Deccan and western Gangetic plain. Important Indian trees include the medicinal neem, widely used in rural Indian herbal remedies. The pipal fig tree, shown on the seals of Mohenjo-daro, shaded Gautama Buddha as he sought enlightenment. According to latest report, less than 12% of India's landmass is covered by dense forests.
Many Indian species are descendants of taxa originating in Leading Astrologers in India Gondwana, from which the Indian plate separated. Peninsular India's subsequent movement towards, and collision with, the Laurasian landmass set off a mass exchange of species. However, horoscope indian astrologers volcanism and climatic changes 20 million years ago caused the extinction of many top 5 astrologers in the world endemic Indian forms. Soon thereafter, mammals entered India from Asia through two zoogeographical passes on indian horoscope readers in delhi either side of eminent astrologers in india the emerging Himalaya. Consequently, among Indian species, only 12.6% of mammals and 4.5% of birds are endemic, contrasting with 45.8% of reptiles and 55.8% of amphibians. Notable endemics are the Nilgiri leaf monkey and the brown and top five astrologers in the world carmine Beddome's toad of the Western Ghats. Astrology classes in India contains 172, or 2.9%, of IUCN-designated threatened species. These include the Asiatic Lion, the Bengal Tiger, Expert Indian Astrologers and the Indian white-rumped vulture, which suffered a near-extinction from ingesting the carrion of diclofenac-treated cattle.
In recent decades, human Great Indian Astrologers encroachment has posed a threat to India's wildlife; in Good Astrologers in India response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1935, was substantially expanded. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard crucial habitat; in addition, the top astrologers in the world Forest Conservation Act was enacted in 1980. Along with more than five hundred wildlife sanctuaries, India hosts thirteen biosphere reserves, four of which are part of the World Network of vedic astrologers in India Biosphere Reserves; twenty-five wetlands are Topmost Indian Astrologers registered under the best astrologers in the world Ramsar Convention.
From the 1950s to the 1980s, India followed socialist-inspired policies. The Vedic Astrologers in India economy was shackled by extensive regulation, protectionism, and public ownership, leading to pervasive corruption and slow growth. Since 1991, the nation has moved towards a market-based system. The policy change in 1991 came after an acute balance of payments Top Most Indian Astrologers crisis, and the emphasis since then has been to use foreign trade and foreign investment as integral horoscope readers in india parts of India's economy.
With an average annual GDP growth rate of 5.8% for the past two decades, the economy is among the fastest growing in the world. It has the world's second largest labour force, with 516.3 million people. In terms of output, the top indian astrologers agricultural sector accounts for 28% of GDP; the service and industrial sectors make up 54% and 18% respectively. Major vedic astrology in india agricultural products include famous indian astrologers rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane job astrologers , potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish. Major industries include textiles, chemicals, food best indian astrologers processing, steel, transport equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, famous astrologers in the world machinery, software. India's trade has reached a best vedic astrologers in india relatively moderate share 24% of GDP in 2006, up from 6% in 1985. India's share of world trade has reached 1%. Major exports include petroleum products, textile goods, gems and jewelry, software, engineering goods, most famous indian astrologers chemicals, leather true astrologers in india manufactures. Major imports include crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals.
Tata Nano, the world's least expensive car. India's annual small-car exports have surged fivefold in the past five years. India's GDP is US$1.237 trillion, which makes it the twelfth-largest economy in the Top Jyotish India world or fourth best vedic astrologers in the world largest by purchasing power adjusted exchange rates. India's nominal per capita income US$1,068 is ranked 128th in the world. In the late 2000s, India's economic growth has averaged 7½% a year, which will double the real astrologers in india average income in a decade.
Despite India's impressive economic astrology schools in india growth over recent decades, it still contains the largest concentration of poor people in the world, and has a higher rate of malnutrition among children under the age of three (46% in year 2007) than any psychic india other country in the world. The percentage of people living below the World Bank's international poverty line of $1.25 a day (PPP, in nominal terms Rs. 21.6 a day in urban areas and Rs 14.3 in rural areas in 2005) decreased from 60% in 1981 to 42% in 2005 Even though India has avoided famines in recent decades, half of children are underweight, one of the highest rates in the world and nearly double the rate of Sub-Saharan Africa.
A 2007 Goldman Sachs report projected that "from 2007 to 2020, India’s GDP per capita will quadruple," and that the Indian GDP will surpass that of the United States' before 2050, but India "will remain a low-income country for best indian astrologers several decades, with per capita incomes well below its other BRIC peers." Although the Indian economy has real astrologers in india grown steadily list of astrologers and palmists in india over the last two greatest astrologers in the world decades; its growth business astrologers has been uneven when comparing different social groups, economic groups, geographic regions, and rural and urban areas. The World Bank Best Jyotish India suggests that the most important priorities should be public sector reform, infrastructure, greatest astrologers in india agricultural and rural development, removal of labor regulations, reforms in lagging states, and combating HIV/AIDS.
With an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world's second most populous country. The last 50 years have seen a rapid increase in population due to medical advances and massive increase in agricultural productivity leading astrologers in india made by the green revolution. India's urban population increased 11-folds during the twentieth vedic astrologers in india century and is increasingly concentrated in large cities. By 2001 there were 35 million-plus population cities in most famous astrologers India, with the largest cities, with a population of over 10 million each, being Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. However, as of 2001, more than 70% of India's population continues to reside in rural areas.
India is the world's most culturally, top 10 astrology institutes in India linguistically and genetically diverse geographical entity after the African continent. India is home to two Famous Jyotish India major linguistic families: Indo-Aryan (spoken by about 74% of the population) and Dravidian (spoken by about 24%). Other languages spoken in India come from the Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman linguistic families. Hindi, with the largest number of speakers, is the official language of the union. English is used genuine astrologers in india extensively in business and list of astrologers in india administration and has the most famous astrologers in the world status of a 'subsidiary official language;' it is also important in education, especially as a medium of higher education. In addition, every state and union territory has its own top astrologers in the world official languages, and the constitution also recognises in particular 21 other languages that psychic india are either celebrity astrologers in india abundantly spoken or have classical status. While childbirth astrologers Sanskrit and Tamil have been studied as classical languages for many years, the Government of India has also accorded classical language status to Kannada and Telugu using its own criteria. The number of dialects in India is as high as 1,652.
Over 800 million Indians (80.5%) are Hindu. Other religious groups include Muslims (13.4%), Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%), Jains (0.4%), Jews, Zoroastrians, Bahá'ís and others. Tribals constitute 8.1% of the population. Best astrologers in the world India has the third-highest Muslim population in the world and has the highest top astrology institutes in India population of Muslims for a non-Muslim majority country.
India's literacy rate is 64.8% (53.7% for females and 75.3% for males). The state of Kerala has the psychic india highest literacy rate at 91% while Bihar has the lowest at 47%. The national human sex ratio is 944 females per 1,000 males. India's median age is 24.9, and the population growth rate of 1.38% per annum; there are 22.01 births per 1,000 people per year.
India's culture is marked by a high degree of syncretism and cultural pluralism. It has managed to preserve established traditions while absorbing new customs, traditions, and ideas from invaders and immigrants and spreading its cultural influence to other parts of Asia, mainly South East and East Asia. Traditional Indian society is defined by relatively reputed astrologers in india strict social directory of astrologers in india hierarchy. The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social top ten astrologers in india restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of top jyotish india endogamous hereditary groups, top 10 astrologers in india often termed as jātis or castes.
Traditional Indian family values are highly respected career astrologers, and multi-generational patriarchal joint families have been the norm, although nuclear family are vedic astrology courses in india becoming common in urban areas. An overwhelming majority of Indians have their marriages arranged by their parents and other respected family members, with the consent of the bride and groom. Marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is extremely low. Child marriage is still a common practice, with half of women in India marrying best jyotish india before the legal age of 18.
Indian cuisine is characterised by a wide variety of regional styles and sophisticated profession astrologers use of herbs and spices. The staple foods in the region are rice (especially in the south and the east) and indian celebrity astrologers wheat (predominantly in the north). Spices like black pepper that are now consumed best astrology institutes in India world wide are originally native to the Indian subcontinent. Chili pepper, which was introduced by the Portuguese is also very much used within Indian Cuisine.
A statue of Shiva, a principal deity of Hinduism, in BangaloreTraditional Indian dress varies marriage astrologers across the regions in its colours and styles and depends on various best vedic astrologers in india factors, including climate. Popular directory of horoscope readers styles directory of astrologers in india of dress include draped famous jyotish india garments such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men; in addition, stitched clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta–pyjama and European-style trousers and shirts for men, are also popular.
Many Indian festivals are religious in origin, although several are celebrated irrespective of caste and creed. Some popular festivals are Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Thai Pongal, Holi, Onam, top 5 astrologers in india Vijayadasami, Durga Puja, Eid ul-Fitr, Bakr-Id, Christmas, Buddha Jayanti and Vaisakhi. India has three national holidays. Indian Astrology Courses in India Other sets of holidays, varying between nine and twelve, are officially observed in individual states. Religious practices are an integral part of everyday life and are a very public affair.
Indian architecture is one area that represents the famous celebrity astrologers diversity of Indian culture. Much of it, including notable monuments such as the Taj Mahal and other examples of Mughal architecture and good top best famous astrologers in country South Indian architecture, comprises a blend of ancient and genuine astrologers varied local traditions from several parts of the country and abroad. Vernacular architecture also displays astrologers in india notable regional variation.
Indian music covers a wide range of traditions and professional astrologers regional styles. expert astrologers in India Classical music largely encompasses the two genres – North Indian Hindustani, South Indian Carnatic traditions and their various offshoots in the form of regional folk music. Regionalised forms of popular music honest astrologers include filmi and folk music; the syncretic tradition of the bauls is a well-known form of the latter.
Indian dance too has astrology courses in India diverse folk and classical forms. Among the well-known folk dances are the bhangra of the Punjab, the bihu of Assam, the chhau of West Bengal, Jharkhand and sambalpuri of Orissa and the astrologers in delhi ghoomar of Rajasthan. Eight dance forms, many with narrative forms and mythological elements, have list of astrologers in india been accorded classical dance status by India's National Academy of Music, Dance, and Drama. These are: bharatanatyam of the state of Tamil Nadu, kathak of Uttar Pradesh, kathakali astrologers in noida and mohiniyattam of Kerala, kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh, best celebrity astrologers manipuri of Manipur, odissi of Orissa and the sattriya of Assam.
Theatre in Famous Astrology institutes in India often incorporates music, best Indian Astrologers in world dance, and improvised or written dialogue. Often based on Hindu mythology, but also borrowing from honest astrologers in india medieval romances, and news of social and astrologers in gurgaon political events, Indian theatre includes the bhavai of state of Gujarat, the jatra of West Bengal, the top 5 astrologers in india nautanki and ramlila of North India, the tamasha of Maharashtra, the burrakatha of Andhra Pradesh, the terukkuttu of Tamil Nadu, and the yakshagana of Karnataka.
The Indian film industry is the largest in the world. Bollywood, based in Mumbai, makes commercial Hindi films and is the most prolific film industry in the world. Established traditions also exist in Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, and Telugu language cinemas.
The earliest works of Indian literature were transmitted orally and only later written down. These included works of Sanskrit literature – such as the early Vedas, the epics genuine astrologers in india Mahābhārata and Ramayana, the drama Abhijñānaśākuntalam (The Recognition of Śakuntalā), and poetry such as the Mahākāvya – and the Tamil language Sangam literature. Among Indian writers of the modern era astrologers in ghaziabad active in Indian languages or English, Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize in 1913.
India's official national sport is field hockey, administered by the Indian Hockey Federation. The Indian astrologers in India field hockey team won the 1975 Men's Hockey World Cup and 8 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals at the Olympic games. However, cricket is the most popular sport; the India national cricket team won the 1983 Cricket World Cup and the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, and shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. Cricket in India is administered by the Board of Control for Cricket in best vedic astrologers in India, and domestic competitions include the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy and the Challenger Series. In addition Indian cricket league and Indian premier league organise Twenty20 competitions.
Tennis has become increasingly popular, owing to the victories of the professional astrologer in India Davis Cup team. Association football is also a popular sport in northeast India, West Bengal, Goa and Kerala. The Indian national names of famous astrologers in india football team has won the South Asian Football Federation Cup several times. Chess, commonly held to have originated in India, is also gaining popularity with the rise in the number of Indian Grandmasters. Traditional sports include kabaddi, kho kho, and gilli-danda, which are played famous horoscope readers in india nationwide. India is also home to the ancient martial arts, list of horoscope readers Kalarippayattu and Varma Kalai.
The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and the Arjuna Award are India's highest awards for achievements in sports, while the Dronacharya Award is awarded for excellence in coaching. Institute of Astrology Study in India hosted or co-hosted the 1951 and the 1982 Asian Games, the 1987 and 1996 Cricket World Cup. It is also scheduled to host the 2010 Commonwealth Games and the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
Online Astrologers in India, Directory of Astrologers in India, Astrologers to the Rich and Famous, India's Famous Astrologers, India's Top Astrologers, India's Best Astrologers, Horoscope Readers in India, Top Jyotishi in India, Eminent Astrologers in India, Renowned Astrologers in India, Great Astrologers in India, Top Most Astrologers in World, Best Astrologers in World, Most Famous Astrologers in World, Expert Astrologers in India, Professional Astrologer in India, Indian Astrologers, Top Astrologers in India, Best Astrologers in India, Famous Astrologers in India, Astrologers in India, Top 10 ten Astrologers in India, Top five 5 Astrologers in India, List of Top Astrologers in India, Top Most Astrologers in India, Most Famous Astrologers in India, Leading Astrologers in India, Good Astrologers in India, Vedic Astrologers in India, Celebrity Astrologers in India
The telephone, colloquially referred to as a phone, is a telecommunications device that transmits and receives sounds, usually the human voice. Telephones are a point-to-point communication system whose Astrologers on Phone most basic function is to allow two people separated by large distances to talk to each other. Developed in the mid-1870s by Alexander Graham Bell and others, the telephone has long been considered indispensable to businesses, households and governments, is now one of the most common appliances in the developed world. The word "telephone" has been adapted to many languages and is now recognized around the world.
All modern telephones have a microphone to speak into, an earphone (or 'speaker') which reproduces the voice of the other person, a ringer which makes a sound to alert the owner when a call is coming in, and a keypad (or on older phones a telephone dial) to enter the telephone number of the telephone to be called. The microphone and earphone Astrologers on Phone are usually built into a handset which is held up to the face to talk. The keypad may be part of the handset or of a base unit to which the handset would be connected. A landline telephone is connected by a pair of wires to the telephone network, while a mobile phone (also called a cell phone) is portable and communicates with the telephone network by radio. A cordless telephone has a portable handset which communicates by radio with a base station connected by wire to the telephone network, and can only be used within a limited range of the base station.
The microphone converts the sound waves to electrical signals and Astrologers on Phone then these are sent through the telephone network to the other phone and there converted by an earphone, or speaker, back into sound waves. Telephones are a duplex communications medium, meaning they allow the people on both ends to talk simultaneously. The telephone network, consisting of a worldwide net of telephone lines, fiberoptic cables, microwave transmission, cellular networks, communications satellites, and undersea telephone cables connected by switching centers, allows any telephone in the world to communicate with any other. Each telephone line has an identifying number called its telephone number. To initiate a telephone call the user enters the other telephone's number into a numeric keypad on the phone. Graphic symbols used to designate telephone service or phone-related information in print, signage, and other media include ℡ (U+2121), ☎ (U+260E), ☏ (U+260F), and ✆ (U+2706).
Although originally designed for simple voice communications, most modern telephones have many additional capabilities. They may be able to record spoken messages, send and receive text messages, take and display photographs or video, play music, and surf the Internet. A current trend is phones that integrate all mobile communication and computing needs; these Astrologers on Phone are called smartphones.
2 Basic principles
3 Details of operation
3.1 Early development
3.2 Early commercial instruments
4 Digital telephony
5 IP telephony
7 Telephone operating companies
9 See also
12 Further reading
13 External links
Main articles: History of the telephone and Timeline of the telephone. Further information: Invention of the telephone, Elisha Gray and Alexander Bell telephone controversy, and Canadian Parliamentary Motion on Alexander Graham Bell
Bell placing the first New York to Chicago telephone call in 1892.
Credit for the invention of the electric telephone is frequently disputed, and new controversies over the issue have arisen from time to time. As with other influential inventions such as radio, television, the light bulb, and the computer, there were several inventors who did pioneering experimental work on voice transmission over a wire and improved on each other's ideas. Innocenzo Manzetti, Antonio Meucci, Johann Philipp Reis, Elisha Gray, Alexander Graham Bell, and Thomas Edison, among others, have all Astrologers on Phone been credited with pioneering work on the telephone. An undisputed fact is that Alexander Graham Bell was the first to be awarded a patent for the electric telephone by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in March 1876. That first patent by Bell was the master patent of the telephone, from which other patents for electric telephone devices and features flowed.
The early history of the telephone became and still remains a Astrology on Phone confusing morass of claims and counterclaims, which were not clarified by the large number of lawsuits that hoped to resolve the patent claims of many individuals and commercial competitors. The Bell and Edison patents, however, were forensically victorious and commercially decisive.
A Hungarian engineer, Tivadar Puskás, quickly invented the telephone switchboard in 1876, which allowed for the formation of telephone exchanges, and eventually networks.
The word telephone comes from the Greek: τῆλε, tēle, "far" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice".
Figure 1: Schematic of a landline telephone installation.
A traditional landline telephone system, also known as "plain old telephone service" (POTS), commonly carries both control and audio signals on the same twisted pair (C) of insulated wires: the telephone line. The signaling equipment, or ringer, (see figure 1) consists of a bell, beeper, light or other device (A7) to alert the user to incoming calls, and number buttons or a rotary dial (A4) to enter a telephone number for outgoing calls. Most of the expense of wire-line telephone service is the wires, so telephones transmit both the incoming and outgoing voice channels on a single pair of wires. A twisted pair line rejects electromagnetic interference (EMI) and Astrology on Phone crosstalk better than a single wire or an untwisted pair. The strong outgoing voice signal from the microphone Phone Astrology Delhi does not overpower the weaker incoming speaker signal with a sidetone because a hybrid coil (A3) subtracts the microphone's signal from the signal sent to the local speaker. Astrology on Phone junction box (B) arrests lightning (B2) and adjusts the line's resistance (B1) to maximize the Phone Astrology Delhi signal power for the line's length. Telephones have similar adjustments for inside line lengths (A8). The wire's voltages are negative compared to earth, to reduce galvanic corrosion. Negative voltage attracts positive metal ions toward the wires.
Details of operation
Further information: Telephone call
The landline telephone contains a switchhook (A4) and an alerting device, usually a ringer (A7), that remains connected to the phone line whenever the phone is "on hook" (i.e. the switch (A4) is open), and other components which are connected when the phone is "off hook". The off-hook components include a transmitter (microphone, A2), a receiver (speaker, A1), and other circuits for dialing, filtering (A3), and amplification.
A calling party wishing to speak to another party will pick up the telephone's handset, thereby operating a lever which closes the switchhook (A4), which powers the telephone by connecting the transmitter (microphone), receiver (speaker), and related audio components to the line. The off-hook circuitry has a low resistance (less than 300 ohms) which causes Astrology on Phone a direct current (DC), which comes down the line (C) from the telephone exchange. The exchange detects this current, attaches a digit receiver circuit to the line, and sends a dial tone to indicate readiness. On a modern push-button telephone, the caller then presses the number keys to send the Phone Astrology Delhi telephone number of the called party. The keys control a tone generator circuit (not shown) that makes DTMF tones that the exchange receives. A rotary-dial Astrologers on Phone in India telephone uses pulse dialing, sending electrical pulses, that the exchange can count to get the telephone number (as of 2010 many exchanges were still equipped to handle pulse dialing). If the called party's line is available, the exchange sends an intermittent ringing signal (about 90 volts alternating current (AC) in North America and UK and 60 volts in Germany) to alert the called party Phone Astrology Delhi to an incoming call. If the called party's line is in use, the exchange returns a busy signal to the calling party. However, if the called party's line is in use but has call waiting installed, the exchange sends an intermittent audible tone to the called party to indicate an incoming call.
The phone's ringer (A7) is connected to the line through a capacitor (A6), Astrology on Phone a device which blocks direct current but passes alternating current. So, the phone draws no current when it is on hook (a DC voltage is continually connected to the line), but exchange circuitry (D2) can send an AC voltage down the line to ring for an incoming call. (When there is no exchange, telephones often have hand-cranked magnetos to make the ringing voltage.) When a landline phone is inactive or "on hook", the circuitry at the telephone exchange detects the absence of direct current and therefore "knows" that the phone is on well known astrologers in India hook (therefore, only AC current will go through) with only the alerting device electrically connected to the line. When a party initiates a call to this line, the exchange sends the ringing signal. Astrology on Phone When the called party picks up the handset, they actuate a double-circuit switchhook (not shown) Phone Astrology Delhi which simultaneously disconnects the alerting device and connects the audio circuitry to the line. This, in turn, draws direct current Phone Astrology Delhi through the line, confirming that the called phone is now active. The exchange circuitry turns off the ring signal, and both phones are now active and connected through the exchange. The parties may now converse as long as both phones remain off hook. When a party "hangs up", placing the handset back on the cradle or hook, direct current ceases in that line, Astrologers on Phone in India signaling the exchange to disconnect the call.
Calls to parties beyond the local exchange are carried over "trunk" lines which establish connections between exchanges. In modern telephone networks, fiber-optic cable and digital technology are Astrology on Phone often employed in such connections. Satellite technology may be used for communication over very long distances.
In most landline telephones, the On Phone Astrology Consultation transmitter and receiver (microphone and speaker) are located in the handset, although in a speakerphone these components may be located in the base or in a separate enclosure. Powered by the line, the microphone (A2) produces a modulated electrical current which varies its frequency and amplitude in response to the sound waves arriving at its diaphragm. The resulting current is transmitted along the telephone line to the local exchange then on to the Astrology on Phone other phone (via the local exchange or via a larger network), where it passes through the coil of the receiver (A3). The varying current in the coil produces a Astrologers on Phone in India corresponding movement of the receiver's diaphragm, reproducing the original sound waves present at the transmitter.
Along with the microphone and speaker, On Phone Astrology Consultation additional circuitry is incorporated to prevent the incoming speaker signal and the outgoing microphone signal famous celebrity astrologer from interfering with each other. This is Phone Astrology Delhi accomplished through a hybrid coil (A3). The incoming audio signal passes through a resistor (A8) and the primary winding of the coil (A3) which passes it to the speaker (A1). Since the current path A8 - A3 has a far lower impedance than the well known astrologer in India microphone (A2), virtually all of the incoming signal passes Astrology on Phone through it and bypasses the microphone.
At the same time the DC voltage across the line causes a DC love horoscope astrologers current which is split between the resistor-coil (A8-A3) branch and the microphone-coil (A2-A3) branch. The DC current through the On Phone Astrology Consultation resistor-coil branch has no effect on the incoming audio signal. But the DC current passing through the microphone is turned into AC current (in response to voice sounds) which then passes through only the upper branch of the coil's (A3) primary winding, which has far fewer turns than the lower primary winding. This Astrologers on Phone in India causes a small portion of the microphone output to be fed back to the speaker, while the rest of the AC current goes out through the phone line.
A Lineman's handset is a telephone designed for famous astrologers horoscope testing the telephone network, and may be attached directly to aerial lines and other infrastructure components.
Main article: Timeline of the telephone
1896 Telephone from Sweden.
Wooden wall telephone with a hand-cranked magneto generator.
A candlestick phone
Modern sound-powered emergency telephone.
A modern mobile phone, also called a cell phone.
1844 — Innocenzo Manzetti first mooted the idea of a “speaking telegraph” or telephone. Use of the 'speaking telegraph' and 'sound telegraph' monikers would eventually be replaced by the newer, distinct name, 'telephone'.
26 August 1854 — Charles Bourseul published an article in the magazine L'Illustration (Paris): "Transmission électrique de la parole" (electric transmission of speech), describing a 'make-and-break' type telephone transmitter later created by Johann Reis.
26 October 1861 — Johann Philipp Reis (1834–1874) publicly Astrologers on Phone in India demonstrated the Reis telephone before the Physical Society of Frankfurt.
22 August 1865, La Feuille d'Aoste Phone Astrology reported “It is rumored that English technicians to whom Mr. Manzetti illustrated his method for transmitting spoken words on the telegraph wire On Phone Astrology Consultation intend to apply said invention in England on several private telegraph lines". However telephones would not be demonstrated there until 1876, with a set of telephones from Bell.
28 December 1871 — Antonio Meucci files patent caveat No. 3335 in the U.S. Patent Office titled "Sound Telegraph", describing communication of voice between two people by wire. A 'patent caveat' was not an invention Astrology on Phone patent award, but only an unverified notice filed by an individual that he or she intends to file Phone Astrology India a regular patent application in the future.
1874 — Meucci, after having renewed the caveat for two years does not renew it again, and the caveat lapses.
6 April 1875 — Bell's U.S. Patent 161,739 "Transmitters and Receivers for Electric Telegraphs" is granted. This uses multiple vibrating steel reeds in make-break circuits.
11 February 1876 — Gray invents a liquid transmitter Astrologers on Phone in India Phone Astrology India for use with a telephone but does not build one.
14 February 1876 — Elisha Gray files a patent caveat On Phone Astrology Consultation for transmitting the human voice through a telegraphic circuit.
14 February 1876 — Alexander Bell applies for the patent "Improvements in Telegraphy", for electromagnetic telephones using what is now called amplitude modulation (oscillating current and voltage) but which he referred to as "undulating current".
19 February 1876 — Gray is notified by the U.S. Patent Office of an interference between his caveat and Bell's patent application. Gray decides to abandon his caveat.
7 March 1876 — Bell's U.S. patent 174,465 "Improvement in Telegraphy" is granted, covering "the method of, and apparatus for, transmitting vocal or other sounds telegraphically … by causing electrical undulations, similar in form to the vibrations of the air accompanying the said vocal or other sound."
10 March 1876 — The first successful telephone transmission of clear speech using a liquid transmitter when Bell spoke into his device, “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.” and Watson heard each Astrology on Phone Delhi word distinctly.
30 January 1877 — Bell's U.S. patent 186,787 is granted for an Astrologers on Phone in India Phone Astrology India electromagnetic telephone using permanent magnets, iron diaphragms, and a call bell.
27 April 1877 — Edison files for a patent on a carbon (graphite) transmitter. The patent 474,230 was granted 3 May 1892, after a 15 year delay because of litigation. Edison was granted patent 222,390 for a carbon granules transmitter in 1879.
Early commercial instruments
Early telephones Astrology on Phone India were technically diverse. Some used a liquid Phone Astrology transmitter, some had a metal diaphragm that induced current in an electromagnet wound around a permanent magnet, and some were "dynamic" - their diaphragm vibrated a coil of wire in the field of a permanent magnet or the coil vibrated the diaphragm. The On Phone Astrology Consultation sound-powered dynamic kind survived in small numbers through the 20th century in military and maritime applications, where its ability to create its own Astrology on Phone Delhi electrical power was crucial. Most, however, used the Edison/Berliner carbon transmitter, which was much On Phone Astrology Consultation louder than the other kinds, even though it required an induction coil which was an impedance matching transformer to make it compatible with the impedance of the line. The Astrology on Phone India Edison patents kept the Bell monopoly Phone Astrology viable into the 20th century, by which time the network was more important than the instrument.
Early telephones were locally powered, using either a dynamic transmitter or by the powering of a transmitter with a local battery. One of the jobs of outside Phone Astrology India plant personnel was to visit each telephone periodically to inspect the battery. During the 20th century, "common battery" operation came to dominate, powered by "talk battery" from the telephone exchange over the same wires that carried the voice signals.
Early telephones used a single wire for the subscriber's line, with Astrologers on Phone in Delhi ground return used to complete the circuit (as used in telegraphs). The earliest Phone Astrology Indiadynamic telephones also had only one port opening for sound, with the user alternately listening and speaking (or rather, shouting) into the same hole. Sometimes the Phone Astrology Reading instruments were operated in pairs at each end, Phone Astrology making conversation more convenient but also more expensive.
At first, the benefits of a exchange horoscope india astrologers were not exploited. Instead telephones were leased in pairs to a subscriber, who had to arrange for a telegraph contractor to Astrology on Phone India construct a line between them, for example between a home and a shop. Users who wanted the ability to speak to several different locations would need to obtain and set up On Phone Astrology Consultation three or four pairs of telephones. Western Union, already using telegraph exchanges, quickly extended the principle to its telephones in New York City and San Francisco, and Astrologers on Phone in Delhi Bell was not slow in appreciating the potential.
Signalling began in an appropriately primitive manner. The user Astrologers on Phone alerted the other end, or the exchange operator, by whistling into the transmitter. Exchange operation soon resulted in telephones Astrology on Phone Delhi being equipped with a bell in a ringer box, first operated over a second wire, and later over the same wire, but with a condenser (capacitor) in series with the bell coil to allow the AC ringer signal through while still blocking DC (keeping the phone "on hook"). Telephones connected to the earliest Strowger automatic Phone Astrology exchanges had seven wires, one for the horoscope indian astrologers knife switch, one for Phone Astrology Reading each telegraph key, one for the bell, one for the push-button and two for speaking. Large wall telephones in the early 20th century usually incorporated the bell, and separate bell boxes for desk phones dwindled away in the middle of the century.
Rural and other telephones Phone Astrology India that were On Phone Astrology Consultation not on a common battery exchange had a magneto or hand-cranked generator to produce a high voltage alternating signal to ring the bells of other telephones on the line and to alert the operator. Some local farming communities that were not connected to the main networks set up barbed wire telephone lines that exploited the existing system of field fences to transmit the signal.
In the 1890s a new smaller style of telephone was introduced, Astrologers on Phone packaged in three parts. The transmitter Astrologers on Phone in Delhi stood on a stand, known as a "candlestick" for its shape. When not in use, the receiver hung on a hook with a switch in it, known as a "switchhook." Previous telephones required the user Phone Astrology Reading to operate a separate switch to connect either the voice or the bell. With the new Phone Astrology kind, the user was famous horoscope astrologers less likely to leave the phone "off the hook". In phones connected to magneto exchanges, the bell, Astrology on Phone Delhi induction coil, battery and magneto were in a separate bell box or "ringer box".  In phones connected to common battery exchanges, the ringer box was installed under a desk, or other out of the way place, since it did not need a battery or magneto.
Cradle designs were also used at this time, having a handle On Phone Astrology Consultation with the Astrology on Phone Delhi receiver and transmitter attached, now called a handset, separate from Phone Astrology India the cradle base that Astrology on Phone India housed the magneto crank and other parts. They were larger than the "candlestick" and more popular.
Disadvantages Phone Astrology Reading of single wire operation such as crosstalk and hum from nearby AC power wires had already led to the use of twisted pairs and, for long best horoscope astrologers distance telephones, four-wire circuits. Users at the beginning of the 20th century did not place long distance calls from their own telephones but made an appointment to use a special sound proofed Astrology on Phone Delhi long distance Phone Astrology telephone booth furnished with the latest technology.
A Swedish Ericsson 1001 model, from 1939.
What turned out to be the most popular and longest lasting Astrologers on Phone in Delhi physical style of telephone was introduced in the early 20th century, including Bell's Model 102. A carbon granule transmitter and electromagnetic receiver were united in a single molded plastic handle, which when not in use sat in a cradle in the base unit. The circuit diagram of the Model 102 shows the direct connection of the receiver to the line, while the transmitter was induction coupled, Phone Astrology Reading with energy supplied by a Astrologers on Phone in Delhi local battery. The coupling transformer, battery, and ringer famous celebrity astrologers were in a separate enclosure. The dial switch in the base interrupted the line current by repeatedly but very briefly disconnecting the line 1–10 times for each digit, and the well known astrologers in India hook switch (in the center of the circuit diagram) Astrology on Phone India disconnected the line and the Astrologers on Phone transmitter battery while the handset was on the cradle.
After the 1930s, the base also enclosed the bell Astrology on Phone India and induction coil, Phone Astrology obviating the old ringer box. Power was supplied to each subscriber line by central office batteries instead of a local battery, which required periodic service. For the next half century, the network behind the telephone became top horoscope astrologers progressively larger and much more efficient, but after the telephone dial was added the instrument itself changed little until American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) introduced touch-tone dialing in the 1960s.
Main article: Digital Telephony
The Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) has Astrologers on Phone in Delhi gradually evolved towards digital telephony which has improved the capacity and quality of the network. End-to-end Astrologers on Phone analog telephone networks were first modified in the early 1960s by upgrading transmission networks with T1 carrier systems, designed to Phone Astrology Reading support the basic 3 kHz voice Astrology on Phone Delhi channel by sampling the bandwidth-limited analog voice signal and encoding using PCM. While digitization allows wideband voice on the same channel, the improved quality of a wider analog voice channel did not find a large market in the PSTN.
Later transmission methods such as SONET and fiber optic Astrologers on Phone transmission further advanced digital transmission. Although analog carrier systems existed that multiplexed multiple analog voice channels onto a single Phone Astrology transmission medium, digital transmission allowed lower cost and more most accurate astrologer in the world channels multiplexed on the transmission medium. Today the end instrument often remains analog but the analog signals are typically converted to biggest astrologer in world digital signals at the (serving area interface (SAI), central office (CO), or other Astrologers on Phone aggregation point. Digital loop carriers (DLC) place the digital network ever closer to the customer premises, Astrology on Phone India relegating the analog local loop to legacy status.
Main article: Voice over Internet Protocol
A hardware-based IP phone, with touch-tone dialing.
Internet Protocol (IP) telephony (also known as Voice over Internet Astrology on Phone Delhi Protocol, VoIP), is a disruptive technology that is rapidly gaining ground against traditional telephone network technologies. As of January 2005, up to 10% of telephone subscribers in Japan and South Korea have switched to this digital telephone service. A January 2005 Newsweek article suggested Phone Astrology that Internet telephony may be "the next big thing." As of 2006 many VoIP companies offer service to consumers and businesses.
IP telephony uses an Internet Astrology on Phone Delhi connection and hardware IP Phones or softphones installed on personal computers to transmit conversations encoded as data packets. In addition to replacing POTS (plain old telephone service), IP telephony services are also competing with mobile phone services by offering free or lower cost Astrologers on Phone connections via WiFi hotspots. VoIP is also used on private networks which may or may not have a number one astrologer in world connection to the global telephone network.
IP telephones have two notable disadvantages Phone Astrology Reading compared to Astrology on Phone India traditional telephones. Unless the IP telephone's components are backed up with an uninterruptible power supply or other emergency Astrologers on Phone in Delhi power source, the phone will cease to function during a horoscope astrologers power outage as can occur during an emergency or disaster, exactly when the phone is most needed. Traditional phones connected to the older PSTN network do not experience that problem since they are powered by the telephone company's battery supply, Astrology on Phone Delhi which will continue to function even if there's a prolonged power black-out. A second distinct problem for an IP phone is the lack of a 'fixed address' which can impact the provision of emergency services such as police, fire or ambulance, should Astrologers on Phone someone call for them. Unless the well known astrologers in India registered user updates the IP phone's physical address location after moving to a new residence, emergency services can be, and have been, dispatched Phone Astrology to the wrong location.
Fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants 1997-2007
By the end of 2009, there were a total of nearly 6 billion mobile Astrology on Phone India and fixed-line subscribers worldwide. This included 1.26 billion fixed-line subscribers and 4.6 billion mobile subscribers. 
Telephone operating companies
Main article: List of telephone operating companies
In some countries, many telephone operating companies (commonly Astrology on Phone Delhi abbreviated to telco in American English) are in competition to provide telephone services. The number 1 astrologer in the world above Main article lists only facilities based Phone Astrology providers and not companies which lease services from facilities based providers in order to serve their customers.
Look up cordless telephone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
US 174,465 -- Telegraphy (Bell's first telephone patent) -- Alexander Graham Bell
US 186,787 -- Electric Telegraphy (permanent magnet receiver) -- Alexander Graham Bell
US 474,230 -- Speaking Telegraph (graphite transmitter) -- Thomas Edison
US 203,016 -- Speaking Telephone (carbon button transmitter) -- Thomas Edison
US 222,390 -- Carbon Telephone (carbon granules transmitter) -- Thomas Edison
US 485,311 -- Telephone (solid back carbon transmitter) -- Anthony C. White (Bell engineer) This design was used until 1925 and installed phones were used until the 1940s.
US 3,449,750 -- Duplex Radio Communication and Signalling Appartus -- G. H. Sweigert
US 3,663,762 -- Cellular Mobile Communication System -- Amos Edward Joel (Bell Labs)
US 3,906,166 -- Radio Telephone System (DynaTAC cell phone) -- Martin Cooper et al. (Motorola)